While inspecting diseased plants and root systems. We found that they have been damaged by soil-borne pathogens. The root systems have a morphology disturbance, poor root development, twisted roots, low relation between roots and aeration, and root thickening caused by excess nutrients and deficiencies.
All these changes can lead to “Premature Root Exhaustion Syndrome” originated by the imbalance between the plants and the environment or the causative agents. The origin of this syndrome varies; it could also be caused by abiotic conditions such as temperature, humidity, solar radiation, hardness, or weak plants.
The symptoms in later stages of the plant can cause; a gradual decrease in larger fruit size production, decrease in cell wall thickness, color, and crop productive capacity. Symptoms can also lead to low sugar content, an increase of susceptibility to root rot, and an increase in fruit disease incidence.
To solve the presence of “Premature Root Exhaustion Syndrome” a balance of different aspect must be considered. Physiological: Stimulate a well-developed root system and growth. Biological: Inoculation of beneficial microorganisms. Physical: Changes in soil structure.
The growth and development of roots is also determined by the plant genetics, soil, and weather conditions. The water holding capacity and total available water in the soil must be taken into consideration when irrigating. Good aeration and infiltration must be present. Furthermore, an adequate supply of nutrients and conditions are important aspects for the root development.