Integrated Banana Management

Banana is a plant that grows under optimal conditions in tropical regions that are humid and warm. It presents a continuous growth, whose inflorescence appears when the production of leaves and roots stops. Its growth speed is impressive, and this vegetative vigor can only occur under appropriate ecological conditions. The light, the temperature, the soil and the water reserve are decisive, as well as the good nutrient content.

Banana production in Mexico began in 1880 with the introduction of the Roatán banana by Manuel Jamet, and it was at this stage where this crop became the central axis of the economy of the state of Tabasco.

Innovative Concept

Currently the banana zone of Tabasco with 14 thousand hectares is located in Teapa, an area located in the Mexican southeast with a banana culture of more than 100 years. With an average temperature of between 27 and 32 ° C and with rainfall above 3800mm, Teapa participates mainly in the National market, although in recent years it has been noted in the export market with almost 3000 boxes per ha / year on average. of the area; It is worth mentioning that the irrigated area does not represent even 20% of the total area.

The climatic conditions of the area are characterized by 3 periods, cold (Nov-Feb), dry (Mar-Jun) and rain (Jul-Oct), which directly reduces productivity (figure 1) by having so much variability generating stress in the crop and continuous loss of roots due to compaction and oxidation due to excess water

Since soil compaction affects root growth, above-ground symptoms can take many forms. Signs of compaction can include:

  • Decrease in Return, plants of smaller size, stocky and of little growth in isolation or small groups of plants with this symptomatology surrounded by normal plants. Plant wilting in certain areas of a field can be a sign of compaction. This may be because shallow root systems are unable to absorb moisture from the subsoil.
  • Malformation in root growth, includes flat, short, thin and crooked roots. Roots growing in subsurface compacted soil may grow more horizontally than vertically and have a shallow root system.
  • Lack of nutrients in crops can be another sign of compaction. Since roots are the pathways for soil nutrients to reach the crop, root restrictions can reduce root interception of nutrients in the soil. Phosphorous, potassium and nitrogen deficiencies can be secondary symptoms of soil compaction.
  • Surface water or erosion caused by water may be due to soil compaction. As the pore space in the soil is reduced, then the water is not absorbed as easily.

The following graph shows the effect of the ECCA technology on the improvement of the soil structure in a Banana farm in Teapa, Tabasco, with three applications in October 2017, March and August 2018 in a farm without irrigation.

The physicochemical characteristics of the soil, as well as the nutritional and health conditions in which the roots of banana plants develop are vital for the productivity of the crop. However, for good nutrition to be achieved, it is necessary to monitor and maintain the optimal conditions for the proper development and activity of the Root; That is why the use of technological packages aimed at improving the structure of the soil, root development and the efficiency of its functions can favor the yield and quality of the fruit, seeking to keep the crop in the maximum metabolic conditions, preventing stress due to various factors. biotic and abiotic as observed in the following evolutionary production table.

TOTAL ANUAL BAG
CROP: BANANAVARIETY: GRAND NAINEAREA/TABLE: B2TOTAL OF 12.00 HAS
YEARSTOTAL BAGGED CLUSTERSAVERAGE POPULATION X HA/ YEARRETURNGLOBAL CONVERSION

BOXES/CLUSTERS

GLOBAL BOXES (19 KGS)BOXES HAS/YEAR
20142538520301.041.15291922432
20153143420151.31.22383493195
20163555019501.521.28455043792
20173571019201.551.35482084017
OBSERVATIONS:
1.- % RECOVERY OF BAGS VS HARVEST IS GREATER THAN 98%
2.- FROM THE TOTAL BOXES , 85% OR MORE CORRESPONDS TO 8  “EXPORT FRUIT”

Soluciones ECCA

Biostimulant for fruit quality and postharvest life

WHAT DOES IT DO?

It intervenes in the metabolism to produce quality fruits favoring their organoleptic characteristics (firmness, color, flavor, shine). Increases shelf life and induces greater resistance to attack by postharvest diseases.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

The aromatic type ECCA Carboxy® promotes the biosynthesis of pectins that maintain cell bonds, favors the translocation of calcium and boron from the formulation and together they strengthen the cell walls of the fruit tissue. In addition, it affects the production of waxes, pigments and carbohydrates that favors greater firmness, as a consequence, it lengthens the shelf life and reduces post-harvest diseases.

BENEFITS

  • Better quality of fruit that distinguishes the label.
  • Increases the firmness of fruits.
  • Reduces losses due to fruit rejection.
  • Reduces physiological disorders such as: Blossom end Rot, Tip Burn, Bitter Pit, cracking of flowers and fruits, Black Heart, among others.
  • Longer shelf life of flowers and fruits.
  • Highlights the organoleptic characteristics.

The postharvest life and the quality of the fresh fruits are critical factors for the market. In order to favor these attributes, various strategies are used during fruit development, harvest, packaging, and postharvest life.

The deterioration processes in fruits are associated with the physiological and biochemical activity of each fruit and begin once it is separated from the plant. The living cells of the plants that have been harvested continue their respiratory activity, using oxygen (O2) from the atmosphere around the product and releasing carbon dioxide (CO2).

The softening of fruits that accompanies ripening exacerbates damage during shipping and handling. That is why scientists specialized in postharvest handling have been studying in depth the phenomena associated with these processes in order to identify ways that allow efficient management of ripening and optimization of fruit quality.

Studies are generally based on the premise that the breakdown of polysaccharides in the cell wall causes softening associated with maturation, but this knowledge has been insufficient for genetic engineering or the development of varieties and methods for the adequate control of these processes.

Therefore, the use of Biostimulants such as plant extracts containing phenolic compounds, supplemented with calcium, will favor the accumulation of calcium pectates in the epidermis of banana fruits, either by increasing their synthesis or by inhibiting their degradation and consequently will increase their life. postharvest and the quality of the fruits, thanks to an adequate conformation of the cell wall structure.

The following table shows the effect of Packhard on foliar-treated bananas, where greater green life was obtained than the control.

Treatment with Packhard favored the accumulation of calcium pectates in the epidermis of banana fruits, increasing their postharvest life. In the histological sections of the treated fruit, better shaped epidermis structures were observed that could be correlated with a higher content of calcium pectates in the cell walls and the middle lamina. The product clearly acted as a biostimulant by modifying cell physiology, although it was not possible to distinguish whether the increase in pectates was due to a stimulation of biosynthesis pathways or to an inhibition of catabolic pathways.

Global Notes

  • International Avocado Meeting

In the month of November, Patzcuaro Michoacán served as the headquarters of the 2nd. International Avocado Meeting organized by Innovak Global. Important clients, distributors and ATTs from Peru, Colombia, Chile and Mexico attended the event.

On the first day of the event, exhibitors of international stature shared talks on soil limitations, root nutrition, fruit set and avocado tie, as well as biostimulation in the quality and postharvest life of said crop.

Subsequently, there was a field trip where through a series of stations, the attendees continued to update themselves on the subject of avocado cultivation, for example, there was a drone to explore the subject of stress management through NDVI.

During the event, guests, members of the Innovak family and business partners from these 4 countries had the opportunity to share experiences in handling Innovak products for avocado.

  • Innovak Global wins award for improvement towards competitiveness

On December 17, the XXIV Chihuahua Prize for Competitiveness was awarded, where Innovak Global obtained the Improvement towards Competitiveness 2018 award, for reinforcing its commitment to the industrial and economic development of the State of Chihuahua.

Likewise, the company was awarded the recognition as a Competitive Company for the second consecutive year.

This contest aims to promote the economic growth of the Chihuahuan community, supporting the culture of continuous improvement and quality in companies through the implementation of the National Model for Competitiveness, thus developing world-class companies.

Congratulations to the entire Innovak team for making this achievement possible!